How To Take Advantage Of The Anti-Inflammatory Benefits Of Turmeric
From the buzz in the health food world about the humble yellow spice called turmeric, you would think if you’ve got 99 problems, turmeric could solve about 86 of them. But is it true, or is it hype? Is turmeric as amazing as everyone says it is, or just another pill you’re supposed to add to that endless list of “I should probably take that.” Well, my friends, here is your definitive guide on all things turmeric.
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What exactly is turmeric?
Turmeric is produced from the underground stems of the plant Curcuma longa, which is related to the ginger plant. Turmeric has been used for thousands of years in Ayurvedic medicine – it’s what gives curry it’s beautiful yellow color. The active ingredient in turmeric – the component with the anti-inflammatory superpowers – is curcumin. Because of the large amount of evidence of curcumin’s powerful anti-inflammatory benefits, it’s now commonly extracted and standardized in higher doses to be put into supplements.
What's the science on curcumin?
The commonality between just about all research done on turmeric and curcumin boils down to one thing: inflammation. Inflammation is not inherently bad; it’s actually an important part of our immune system that fights off viruses, bacteria, and keeps you alive and well. Chronic inflammation occurs when inflammation lasts longer than it needs to – it becomes like a forest fire burning in perpetuity. This imbalance in the body’s natural inflammatory response has been linked to most of the major chronic health problems people suffer from today. (If you want to know how to determine your inflammation levels, check out my inflammation-fighting guide).
The curcumin in turmeric has been demonstrated to decrease inflammation in a powerful way, and the research on this spicy health-promoter shows its benefits are legion, improving many common and serious inflammation-based issues:
- Alzheimer’s (1)
- Autoimmune-inflammation (2)
- Brain inflammation (brain fog and memory loss) (3)
- Cancer (4)
- Candida (5)
- Cataracts (6)
- Erectile dysfunction (7)
- Gallbladder problems (8)
- Heavy metal toxicity (9)
- Inflammatory bowel disorders
- Insulin resistance
- Lupus (10)
- Pneumonia (11)
- Rheumatoid arthritis (12)
- Viral infections (13)
- Weight-loss resistance (14)
An article (15) in the scientific journal Nature recently pointed out a few pitfalls in curcumin research:
- We still need larger-scale studies that more clearly prove curcumin’s efficacy.
- While curcumin research certainly seems promising, we don’t exactly understand how it works.
- Normally, research focuses on and isolates one promising aspect of a food, but turmeric contains dozens of compounds (in addition to curcumin) that work synergistically. This makes it difficult to study, or to completely isolate the effects of curcumin.
Are there any side effects to curcumin?
While there are no widely acknowledged and tested side effects to eating turmeric or taking curcumin (or turmeric) supplements, one study (16) has suggested that at higher doses, curcumin was not protective and may contribute to cellular damage. It’s important to remember that even with natural options, what works for one person may not be right for you, so work with a qualified functional medicine doctor to determine what dose – if any – is right for you.
How can I get a daily boost of turmeric?
If you want to go the supplement route, a good general maintenance dose of curcumin that has been shown (17) to be safe and effective is 10 grams each day – and that is a lot! To boost your curcumin absorption, add black pepper, which contains piperine, a substance that increases (18) the bioavailability of curcumin by 2,000 percent. But you don’t need to pop more pills to get the anti-inflammatory benefits of curcumin. Just add turmeric powder to soups, smoothies, and just about any dish that needs a little extra taste and color. Another one of my favorite ways to get my turmeric is to mix it in elixirs, like the following:
Adaptogenic Mushroom Anti-Inflammatory Elixir
Combine turmeric with some hormone-balancing adaptogenic mushrooms!
- 1 1/2 cups plain full-fat organic coconut milk
- 1/2 teaspoon each of organic powdered chaga, reishi, lion’s mane, turkey tail, cordyceps, shiitake, and himematsutake
- 1 teaspoon chia seeds
- 1 tablespoon raw organic honey
- 2 pitted medjool dates (more if you want it sweeter)
- 2 tablespoons raw cacao powder
- 1 teaspoon maca powder
- 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
- Himalayan sea salt to taste
Blend all ingredients in a blender. Serve cold or, if it’s chilly where you are, warm it up in a pot and enjoy!
Turmeric Bone Broth Coconut Milk
Bone broth combined with turmeric creates an inflammation-fighting dynamic duo.
- 1 cup full-fat coconut milk
- 1 cup bone broth
- 2 teaspoons turmeric
- 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
- A pinch of black pepper
- 1 teaspoon raw honey
- 1/4 teaspoon ginger powder
Blend ingredients well in a blender. Pour into saucepan and heat for 3 to 5 minutes over medium heat until warm. Pour into mug and enjoy!
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- Nam SM, Choi JH, Yoo DY, et al. Effects of curcumin (Curcuma longa) on learning and spatial memory as well as cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in adult and aged mice by upregulating brain-derived neurotrophic factor and CREB signaling. J Med Food. 2014;17(6):641-649. doi:10.1089/jmf.2013.2965
- Bright JJ. Curcumin and autoimmune disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2007;595:425-451. doi:10.1007/978-0-387-46401-5_19
- Agrawal R, Mishra B, Tyagi E, Nath C, Shukla R. Effect of curcumin on brain insulin receptors and memory functions in STZ (ICV) induced dementia model of rat. Pharmacol Res. 2010;61(3):247-252. doi:10.1016/j.phrs.2009.12.008
- Zaman MS, Chauhan N, Yallapu MM, et al. Curcumin Nanoformulation for Cervical Cancer Treatment. Sci Rep. 2016;6:20051. Published 2016 Feb 3. doi:10.1038/srep20051
- Monika Sharma, Raman Manoharlal, Nidhi Puri, Rajendra Prasad; Antifungal curcumin induces reactive oxygen species and triggers an early apoptosis but prevents hyphae development by targeting the global repressor TUP1 in Candida albicans. Biosci Rep 1 December 2010; 30 (6): 391–404. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BSR20090151
- Manikandan R, Thiagarajan R, Beulaja S, Sudhandiran G, Arumugam M. Curcumin prevents free radical-mediated cataractogenesis through modulations in lens calcium. Free Radic Biol Med. 2010;48(4):483-492. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.11.011
- Abdel Aziz MT, Motawi T, Rezq A, et al. Effects of a water-soluble curcumin protein conjugate vs. pure curcumin in a diabetic model of erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2012;9(7):1815-1833. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02741.x
- Rasyid A, Lelo A. The effect of curcumin and placebo on human gall-bladder function: an ultrasound study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1999;13(2):245-249. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2036.1999.00464.x
- Agarwal, R., Goel, S.K. and Behari, J.R. (2010), Detoxification and antioxidant effects of curcumin in rats experimentally exposed to mercury. J. Appl. Toxicol., 30: 457-468. doi:10.1002/jat.1517
- Khajehdehi P, Zanjaninejad B, Aflaki E, et al. Oral supplementation of turmeric decreases proteinuria, hematuria, and systolic blood pressure in patients suffering from relapsing or refractory lupus nephritis: a randomized and placebo-controlled study. J Ren Nutr. 2012;22(1):50-57. doi:10.1053/j.jrn.2011.03.002
- Bansal S, Chhibber S. Curcumin alone and in combination with augmentin protects against pulmonary inflammation and acute lung injury generated during Klebsiella pneumoniae B5055-induced lung infection in BALB/c mice. J Med Microbiol. 2010;59(Pt 4):429-437. doi:10.1099/jmm.0.016873-0
- Chandran B, Goel A. A randomized, pilot study to assess the efficacy and safety of curcumin in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis. Phytother Res. 2012;26(11):1719-1725. doi:10.1002/ptr.4639
- Kim K, Kim KH, Kim HY, Cho HK, Sakamoto N, Cheong J. Curcumin inhibits hepatitis C virus replication via suppressing the Akt-SREBP-1 pathway. FEBS Lett. 2010;584(4):707-712. doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2009.12.019
- Li JM, Li YC, Kong LD, Hu QH. Curcumin inhibits hepatic protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B and prevents hypertriglyceridemia and hepatic steatosis in fructose-fed rats [published correction appears in Hepatology. 2010 Jul;52(1):402]. Hepatology. 2010;51(5):1555-1566. doi:10.1002/hep.23524
- Baker M. Deceptive curcumin offers cautionary tale for chemists. Nature. 2017;541(7636):144-145. doi:10.1038/541144a
- Tanwar V, Sachdeva J, Kishore K, et al. Dose-dependent actions of curcumin in experimentally induced myocardial necrosis: a biochemical, histopathological, and electron microscopic evidence. Cell Biochem Funct. 2010;28(1):74-82. doi:10.1002/cbf.1623
- Aggarwal BB, Kumar A, Bharti AC. Anticancer potential of curcumin: preclinical and clinical studies. Anticancer Res. 2003;23(1A):363-398.
- Shoba G, Joy D, Joseph T, Majeed M, Rajendran R, Srinivas PS. Influence of piperine on the pharmacokinetics of curcumin in animals and human volunteers. Planta Med. 1998;64(4):353-356. doi:10.1055/s-2006-957450
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BY DR. WILL COLE
Dr. Will Cole, IFMCP, DNM, DC, leading functional medicine expert, consults people around the world via webcam and locally in Pittsburgh. He received his doctorate from Southern California University of Health Sciences and post doctorate education and training in functional medicine and clinical nutrition. He specializes in clinically researching underlying factors of chronic disease and customizing a functional medicine approach for thyroid issues, autoimmune conditions, hormonal imbalances, digestive disorders, and brain problems. Dr. Cole was named one of the top 50 functional medicine and integrative doctors in the nation and is the best selling author of Ketotarian and The Inflammation Spectrum.
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